Italian wine label
For those that don’t speak Italian, wine labels from Italy can be daunting, until you know a few essential label clues. The primary pieces of information that Italian wines want to communicate to you, their celebrated consumer, are the wine’s: Name, Growing Region (There are 37 designated wine growing regions in Italy), Grape Type (Italy has over 2,000!), Estate and Producer Names, Alcohol Content, Vintage Year and Classification (Vdt, IGT, DOC, DOCG – government appellation designations related to volume, location and quality). If you can grab these key pieces of information off of an Italian wine label then you are good to go.
German wine label
The vast majority of German wines are Rieslings, and for good reason. Germany has been setting the traditional standard for the Riesling grape for centuries. The German wine label includes the basic information found on most other labels: producer, region, vintage, vineyard, varietal, and the like, but they throw a curve when the ripeness levels, sugar levels and quality classifications also grace the label. The quality classification starts off with the basic table wine, “Tafelwein” and proceeds to a level 5 designation of “Qualit weine mit Prudikat” (QmP) – translated to “Quality wine with attributes.” Wine sweetness will start from Kabinett, then onto Spatlese, Auslese, Beerenauslese, Eiswein and finally Trockenbeerenauslese (highest level of wine sweetness)
Burgundy wine label
This label is from Burgundy (top left corner ‘Vin de Bourgogne’ meaning ‚’Wine of Burgundy’). In Burgundy there are two wines to know: Red Burgundy (Pinot Noir) and White Burgundy (Chardonnay). This label represents a white wine from Burgundy, which we figure out from bottle and label clues. The bottle will have the sloped shoulder style that is typically found in white wines. Next, the appellation in Burgundy is Macon-Villages (known for white Burgundy wines, aka Chardonnay). The estate where the grapes are from is “Domaine de Champ Brule.” The wine’s producer is JJ Vincent and the bottling information is at the label’s bottom. So, we know this wine is a Chardonnay from Burgundy produced by JJ Vincent in 2003 with an alcohol content of 12.5%.
Alsatian wine label
Alsatian wine labels tend to be easier on the New World consumer, as they are the one French wine region that habitually states the wine’s grape varietal directly on the front label. These labels are a good place to start easing into Old World label decoding, because they provide a “hybrid” of Old World and New World labeling strategies. The detective work is significantly reduced as consumers conquer the label offerings in record time, but easy label deciphering aside, the majority of Alsatian Rieslings need little help in convincing consumers to give them a go. Alsace has an international reputation for producing tip top Rieslings at consumer-friendly price points – this particular Lucien Albrecht Riesling is no exception.